Urological diseases or urologic conditions can refer to a wide range of problems, all affecting the urinary tract system in females or urinary tract and reproductive organs in males. The urinary system is mainly related to filtering and excreting urine and other toxins out of the system. Urologic disorders can affect both the sexes of all ages. The urinary system includes the bladder, kidneys, ureters, and the male reproductive system includes prostate, testicles, and penis.
The doctors at RG Stone,the best urology hospital in India say that some urological disorders are acute, that is; they are short-term, whereas others are chronic, meaning they last longer. They are specialized in providing maximum quality care to their patients for the full-spectrum of urology-specific cases. Here they discuss the most common urology ailments treated at RG Stone.
Kidney stones are preferably the most common urologic condition that the majority of the population suffers from. Kidney stones are not alarming until they grow up and start causing symptoms. Kidney stones are solid crystals formed out of minerals and salts in the urine. As they grow bigger, they can be extremely painful causing infection, blockages and other complications in the urinary tract that includes complete kidney failure.
Some kidney stones are so small that they may pass on their own. Larger stones, on the other hand, can be broken down to an extent but if the problem persists, surgery is required. The best urologist in India advice to drink plenty of fluid, especially water as it keeps the acidity level in urine to the minimum.
Urinary Tract Infections:
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are another urologic disorder that many people suffer from. However, UTIs are much more common in females as compared to males. In most cases, a urinary tract infection is majorly confined to the bladder and urethra and can be treated easily. The doctors say early management is the key to treating UTIs as the infection can spread and compromise the entire urinary system.
The common symptoms of UTI include frequent urge to urinate, burning sensation while urinating, fever, feeling that the bladder is not completely empty even after urinating, etc. The doctors prescribe antibiotics that easily clear up the infection within 5-7 days.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH):
Benign prostatic hyperplasia or enlarged prostate is the condition common to men where they experience an increase in the size of their prostate gland. However, this condition is very common in men above 50 years of age and is not directly connected to prostate cancer. The condition leads to the urethra experiencing excess pressure resulting in obstructing the flow of urine.
BPH may also increase the urgency and frequency of urination and this symptom can be particularly uncomfortable during the sleep hours.
Urinary incontinence, also known as the loss of bladder control is a condition where the patient experiences unwanted leakage of urine. Urinary incontinence is both embarrassing and inconvenient for the patients and may lead to losing their self-esteem. The common causes of urinary incontinence include diabetes, weak bladder muscles, enlarged prostate and overactive bladder.
Other Common Urologic Conditions:
Some of the other common urologic disorders diagnosed are-
- Swelling of the prostate gland (Prostatitis)
- Interstitial cystitis also referred to as painful bladder syndrome
- Erectile dysfunction
- Hematuria (blood in urine)
- Bladder prolapse
- Bladder cancer
- Prostate cancer
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