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A quick guide to the symptoms, risk factors and treatment of Heart Diseases

Heart diseases pose a great threat to human life. They are one of the leading causes of deaths globally. However, keeping a check on the symptoms can safeguard you to a great extent, say experienced cardiologists at AMRI Hospitals. The causes and symptoms of a heart disease depend upon its type and condition. Listed below are some of the most common signs that indicate an impending heart attack:

  • Slow or racing heartbeat
  • Dizziness and fatigue
  • Coughing
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Discomfort or pain arising at the centre of chest (also known as angina)
  • Discomfort spreading to different parts of your upper body
  • Shortness of breath (also known as dyspnea)
  • Palpitations (feeling like your heart is beating too fast)
  • Restlessness
  • Your arms may feel heavy
  • Choking feeling in your throat
  • Sweating, which may be very heavy
  • Breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea or light-headedness

What increases the risk of a heart disease?

  • Weak heart muscles
  • Congenital heart defects (heart defects since birth)
  • Excessive smoking. Heart attacks are much more common in smokers as compared to non-smokers
  • Unhealthy diet
  • The risk of heart diseases is also determined by your sex; men are usually at a greater risk of heart attacks
  • Age also has a major role to play in it; aging increases the issues related to damaging and narrowing of arteries, which further weakens your heart muscles
  • Poor hygiene: medical experts at AMRI Hospital warn that unhealthy habits like not washing your hands regularly lead to viral or bacterial infections, which increase the risk of heart infections
  • Poor dental health also contributes to the risk of heart diseases
  • Lack of exercise
  • High blood pressure (hypertension): it hardens your arteries and further narrows down the vessels through which blood flows
  • Excessive alcohol or caffeine intake
  • High cholesterol increases the risk of plaque formation in your blood
  • Drug abuse
  • Diabetes
  • Unrelieved stress tends to damage your arteries and worsen other risk factors for heart disease
  • Family history of heart problems, especially heart attacks and strokes
  • Obesity
  • A few chemotherapy drugs and radiation therapies can also increase the risk of heart diseases

How to prevent a heart attack?

Various ways have proved effective in alleviating the risk of a heart disease. Small changes can bring about a major difference to your cardiovascular health, say senior cardiologists at AMRI Hospital, Kolkata. Listed below are some of the best ways to keep a check on your heart health:

  • Quit smoking
  • Eat a healthy and balanced diet
  • Avoid dairy products with added sugar and high calorie content
  • Avoid animal proteins, and include nutrients like as potassium, calcium, and magnesium
  • Don’t consume food with excess salt
  • Ensure proper exercise
  • Keep a check on the levels of cholesterol, blood pressure, triglycerides, and Body Mass Index (BMI)
  • Maintain a healthy body weight
  • Manage stress. Health experts at AMRI Hospitals recommend taking out some time every day to do something that relaxes you
  • You can take a low-dose aspirin each day after consulting your doctor
  • Ensure proper sleep
  • Keep a check on your alcohol and caffeine intake
  • Ensure plenty of exercise

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Written by Sushi Khanna

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