You should have in mind that your mouth is one of the most critical parts of your body, and that is why you should try to keep it healthy all the time.
However, the surprising idea is that most people around us neglect the importance of maintaining oral health, and that is when bad breath and bleeding gums start to happen.
At the same time, they assume that bleeding gums is nothing to worry about, but the truth is that this is the first sign of gum or periodontal disease.
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When it comes to infection in gums, it happens around the teeth. The starting of disease starts inside the gums as well as in cementum that surrounds the root, which is also known as an alveolar bone.
During the natural stages of this particular issue, the infection may occur, or gingivitis that will affect gums, and in some severe cases, the supporting tissues as well.
How Do You Get Gum Disease?
Everything happens for a reason. Bacteria in dental plaque, for instance, mostly cause periodontal disease. Everything starts as gingivitis, and when you neglect it and avoid treatments and checkups, it can become periodontal disease.
The body will try to get rid of an exceptional amount of bacteria in your mouth, and it will release a substance that will cause inflammation to your gums and alveolar bone. That is the main reason for bleeding and swelling.
Have in mind that plaque is the primary cause of this particular disease, but other factors can affect as well such as:
Illnesses – Some issues and diseases can lead to immune-deficiencies such as HIV and cancer, and that could cause gum disease as a result.
Hormone Changes – It can happen during menopause, puberty, and pregnancy as well.
Habits – Smoking will reduce gum’s ability to heal itself, which means that bacteria will remain inside and cause further damage.
Medications – Some medications can cause reduced saliva, which will make your mouth more prone to bacteria and plaque growth.
Inappropriate Hygiene – At the same time, if you avoid proper hygiene, which requires frequently and accurately rinsing, flossing and brushing, you are steps away of the problem that will affect your appearance, confidence, and pocket.
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Symptoms and Signs of Periodontal Disease
The easiest way to diagnose gum disease is to go to the dentist for a regular checkup. A dental exam is vital because it will help you get a professional opinion that will indicate the presence of disease or gingivitis.
It is essential to find it at early stages before the symptoms create havoc so that you can do something about it.
The most common symptoms and signs include bleeding gums that happen after brushing your teeth and tender, swollen and red gums. For most people, bad breath is another symptom that will help you determine whether you are infected or not.
After a while, gums will start to recede and form deep pockets between gums and teeth. That will reduce the structure of teeth root, which will reduce their efficiency. Finally, they will start to fall out, one by one.
How Do You Detect It?
If you wish to detect and determine whether you have gingivitis or any other, more severe form of gum disease, you have to undergo a comprehensive dental exam. During the checkup, the periodontist will check for swelling, bleeding gums, pockets, firmness and other signs.
The larger pockets are, the disease will be more severe as a result. Have in mind that this particular disease can affect tissues and ligaments, which is a reliable indicator. However, the disease progresses slowly, so you will be able to do something about it.
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How Should You Treat It?
As soon as the dentist determines that you have gingivitis or early stage of periodontal disease, he/she will create a specific and individual treatment plan based on the particular situation you are in.
The primary goal of treatment is to reduce swelling, promote gum reattachment and reduce the depth of pockets that will lead to a reduction of risk for further infection and disease progression. Everything depends on the stage of the disease, but some severe cases require surgery.
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